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Douglas Laboratories Corvalen M distributed exclusively to healthcare professionals by Douglas Laboratories, is a natural pentose sugar that is designed for the support of fatigue, energy production, and mitochondrial function. Magnesium and malate are added to this formula to help in the utilization of energy and support muscle function and symptoms of fatigue.
D-ribose is a structural component of DNA, RNA, ATP, GTP, flavins (FAD, riboflavin) and other important nucleotides found in all living cells. Ribose is formed naturally via the pentose phosphate pathway. This pathway is slow and rate-limited in cardiac and skeletal muscle due to an inherently low concentration (lack of expression) of the enzymes, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase. The product of this pathway is ribose-5-phosphate, which in turn is converted to 5-phosphoribosyl-1- pyrophosphate (PRPP), the primary driver in the synthesis and salvage of purine nucleotides. No other compound can be used by the body for this metabolic purpose. Purine nucleotides (ATP and its precursors) lost due to ischemia, hypoxia, or genetic predisposition are replaced via the purine nucleotide pathway. This pathway is rate limited by the availability of ribose in tissue. Administration of exogenous ribose bypasses the rate-limiting steps in the pentose phosphate pathway, resulting in a significant acceleration of PRPP.
A deficiency of ATP energy in the cell, also called mitochondrial dysfunction, can lead to symptoms of occasional muscle pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances, and brain fog. It has been postulated that some people may have an alteration in muscle adenine nucleotide metabolism, which leads to depleted energy reserves and an imbalance in cellular ATP:ADP:AMP ratios with an abnormal energy charge. A study performed on 41 patients with symptoms of fatigue and muscle pain resulted in approximately 66% of patients experiencing significant improvement while on D-ribose, with an average increase in energy on the visual analog scale of 45%, and an average improvement in overall well-being of 30%.
Malic acid, sometimes knows as the "apple acid", is a naturally occurring organic acid and an important intermediate in the Krebs cycle, acting as an electron donor to the phosphorylization reactions in the mitochondria. Supplemental malic acid has been shown in research studies to increase the amount of malate in mitochondria, and thus increase the energy production capacity of the cell. Magnesium is critical in facilitating hundreds of biochemical reactions including those involved in energy production. Interconnected with ATP, the main carrier of metabolic energy in the body, magnesium is essential for all biosynthetic processes, glycolysis, formation of c-AMP, energy-dependent membrane transport, transmission of genetic code for protein synthesis, and muscle function. Although D-ribose is a five-carbon monosaccharide, it does not raise blood sugar.
Corvalen M® D-ribose is highly soluble in both hot and cold solutions and tastes slightly sweet and tart. Corvalen M® D-ribose is non-GMO. D-ribose is rapidly and readily (~95%) absorbed with peak blood levels found within 30 - 45 minutes. Ribose not taken up by the cell is excreted unchanged in the urine. Corvalen® D-ribose is GRAS (generally recognized as safe), a determination that results only after considerable toxicology studies are performed by the FDA.
Corvalen M® D-ribose is a useful dietary supplement for those patients that want to restore energy and support the symptoms of fatigue with the added benefit of magnesium and malate to help relieve occasionally sore muscles.
SIDE EFFECTS: No adverse effects have been reported unless taking doses greater than 10 grams of ribose at one time, which may result in loose stools. CAUTIONS: Mild, transient hypoglycemia may occur if taken on an empty stomach. Insulin dependent diabetics and pregnant women should consult their physician before use. Ribose may cause a transient increase in uric acid levels; therefore those that have chronic gout should consult their physician before use. Ribose may compete for phosphoglucomutase, a liver enzyme responsible for glycogen mobilization.
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Directions: Usual dosage: 1 scoop (2 tsp) serving twice daily, taken with meals. A third serving may be added with a midday meal or snack as needed.
Storage: Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct light. Keep out of reach of children.
Other Ingredients: None
No salt, yeast, wheat, gluten, corn, dairy products, artificial flavoring or colors, preservatives or ingredients of animal origin.